venerdì 20 ottobre 2017

Foto ed imageview su Android

Un sistema per una app che scatta una foto e mette il risultato in una imageview ed effettua il salvataggio (gestione dei permessi di scrittura non gestita..vedi post precedentI



-----------------------------------------------
package com.example.lucainnocenti.photonotation;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.drawable.BitmapDrawable;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.provider.MediaStore;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;


public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private static final int CAMERA_REQUEST = 1888;
    private ImageView foto;
    private Bitmap ff;


    @Override    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        foto = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView);
        Button scatto = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button);


        scatto.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override            public void onClick(View view) {
                Intent camera = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
                startActivityForResult(camera, CAMERA_REQUEST);
            }
        });


    }
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode,int resultCode, Intent data)
    {
        if (requestCode== CAMERA_REQUEST && resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK){
            ff = (Bitmap) data.getExtras().get("data");
            foto.setImageBitmap(ff);
            foto.setImageURI(data.getData());
            Bitmap bm=((BitmapDrawable)foto.getDrawable()).getBitmap();
            saveImageFile(bm);
        }

    }

    public String saveImageFile(Bitmap bitmap) {
        FileOutputStream out = null;
        String filename = getFilename();
        try {
            out = new FileOutputStream(filename);
            bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 100, out);
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            Log.d("luca22","Errore");
        }
        return filename;
    }

    private String getFilename() {
        File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()
                .getPath(), "TestFolder");
        if (!file.exists()) {
            file.mkdirs();
        }
        String uriSting = (file.getAbsolutePath() + "/"                + System.currentTimeMillis() + ".jpg");
        Log.d("luca22",uriSting);
        return uriSting;
    }
}

Azimuth Pitch e Roll su Android N

Gestione dei sensori con RotationMatrix su Android



--------------------------------------------------------------
package com.example.lucainnocenti.sensori;

import android.content.Context;
import android.hardware.Sensor;
import android.hardware.SensorEvent;
import android.hardware.SensorEventListener;
import android.hardware.SensorManager;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements SensorEventListener{

    private SensorManager mSensorManager;
    private final float[] mAccelerometerReading = new float[3];
    private final float[] mMagnetometerReading = new float[3];

    private final float[] mRotationMatrix = new float[9];
    private final float[] mOrientationAngles = new float[3];
    private Sensor mAccelerometer;
    private Sensor mMagnetometer;

    private double az;
    private double pi;
    private double ro;


    @Override    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        mSensorManager = (SensorManager) getSystemService(Context.SENSOR_SERVICE);
        mAccelerometer = mSensorManager.getDefaultSensor(Sensor.TYPE_ACCELEROMETER);
        mMagnetometer = mSensorManager.getDefaultSensor(Sensor.TYPE_MAGNETIC_FIELD);


    }

    @Override    public void onAccuracyChanged(Sensor sensor, int accuracy) {

    }

    @Override    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();

        mSensorManager.registerListener(this, mAccelerometer, SensorManager.SENSOR_DELAY_NORMAL, SensorManager.SENSOR_DELAY_UI);
        mSensorManager.registerListener(this, mMagnetometer, SensorManager.SENSOR_DELAY_NORMAL, SensorManager.SENSOR_DELAY_UI);

    }

    @Override    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        mSensorManager.unregisterListener(this);
    }

    @Override    public void onSensorChanged(SensorEvent event) {

        if (event.sensor == mAccelerometer) {
            System.arraycopy(event.values, 0, mAccelerometerReading, 0, mAccelerometerReading.length);
        }
        else if (event.sensor == mMagnetometer) {
            System.arraycopy(event.values, 0, mMagnetometerReading, 0, mMagnetometerReading.length);
        }
        updateOrientationAngles();
    }


    public void updateOrientationAngles() {
        mSensorManager.getRotationMatrix(mRotationMatrix, null, mAccelerometerReading, mMagnetometerReading);
        mSensorManager.getOrientation(mRotationMatrix, mOrientationAngles);
        az = Math.toDegrees(mOrientationAngles[0]);
        pi = Math.toDegrees(mOrientationAngles[1]);
        ro = Math.toDegrees(mOrientationAngles[2]);
        Log.d("orienta", "Az:"+String.valueOf(az)+" Pi:"+String.valueOf(pi)+" Ro:"+String.valueOf(ro));

    }
}

GPS su Android N

Un esempio di uso del GPS su Android N con getione dei permessi. Evidenziate in giallo le parti di codice di gestione dei permessi


---------------------------------------------------
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"    package="com.example.lucainnocenti.gpstest">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />


    <application        android:allowBackup="true"        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"        android:label="@string/app_name"        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"        android:supportsRtl="true"        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>
---------------------------------------------------



---------------------------------------------------
package com.example.lucainnocenti.gpstest;

import android.Manifest;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.location.Criteria;
import android.location.Location;
import android.location.LocationListener;
import android.location.LocationManager;
import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.AlertDialog;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements LocationListener{

    LocationManager locationManager;
    String provider;
    public static final int MY_PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_LOCATION = 99;

    @Override    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        locationManager = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        provider = locationManager.getBestProvider(new Criteria(), false);

        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            checkLocationPermission();
            return;
        }
        Location location = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(provider);

        if (location != null) {

            Log.i("Location Info", "Location achieved!");

        } else {

            Log.i("Location Info", "No location :(");

        }
    }

    @Override    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();

        if (checkLocationPermission()) {
            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(provider, 400, 1, this);
            }
        }

    }

    @Override    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();

        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            checkLocationPermission();
            return;
        }
        locationManager.removeUpdates(this);

    }

    @Override    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {

        Double lat = location.getLatitude();
        Double lng = location.getLongitude();

        Log.i("Location info: Lat", lat.toString());
        Log.i("Location info: Lng", lng.toString());

    }

    @Override    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {

    }

    @Override    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {

    }

    @Override    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {

    }

    public void getLocation(View view) {

        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

            return;
        }
        Location location = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(provider);

        onLocationChanged(location);


    }

    public boolean checkLocationPermission() {
        if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this,
                Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)
                != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

            if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this,Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)) {


                new AlertDialog.Builder(this)
                        .setTitle("Permesso GPS")
                        .setMessage("Permesso GPS")
                        .setPositiveButton("Ok", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                            @Override                            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialogInterface, int i) {
                                //Prompt the user once explanation has been shown                                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(MainActivity.this,
                                        new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION},
                                        MY_PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_LOCATION);
                            }
                        })
                        .create()
                        .show();


            } else {
                ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION}, MY_PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_LOCATION);
            }
            return false;
        } else {
            return true;
        }
    }

    @Override    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String permissions[], int[] grantResults) {
        switch (requestCode) {
            case MY_PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_LOCATION: {
                if (grantResults.length > 0 && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

                    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                        locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(provider, 400, 1, this);
                    }

                } else {

                    // permission denied,

                }
                return;
            }

        }
    }
}

Scrittura JSON su Android N

Un esempio semplice per scrivere un file JSON e gestire in permessi di scrittura su Android 7 e successivi
Nel codice le parti in azzurro sono quelle relative alla gestione dei permessi mentre quelle in giallo sono per la gestione della creazione del JSON


---------------------------------------
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"    package="com.example.lucainnocenti.jsontester">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />



    <application        android:allowBackup="true"        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"        android:label="@string/app_name"        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"        android:supportsRtl="true"        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

---------------------------------------


---------------------------------------
package com.example.lucainnocenti.jsontester;

import android.Manifest;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.JsonWriter;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;

import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;


public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private int requestCode;
    private int grantResults[];
    private FileOutputStream out;
    private JsonWriter writer;
    private File card;
    private File file;

    @Override    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, requestCode);
        onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, grantResults);
        Button pulsante =(Button) findViewById(R.id.button);
        pulsante.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override            public void onClick(View view) {
                card = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory();
                file = new File (card.getAbsolutePath(),"dati.json");
                try {
                    out = new FileOutputStream(file);
                } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                try {
                    writer = new JsonWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(out,"UTF-8"));
                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                try {
                    writer.beginObject();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                try {
                    writer.name("nome").value("Luca");
                    writer.name("cognome").value("Innocenti");
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }

                try {
                    writer.endObject();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                try {
                    writer.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                ;


            }
        });
    }

    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String permissions[], int[] grantResults) {
        switch (requestCode) {
            case 1: {

                // If request is cancelled, the result arrays are empty.                if (grantResults.length > 0
                        && grantResults[0] == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

                    Log.d("permission", "granted");
                } else {


                    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "Permission denied to read your External storage", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

                    onDestroy();
                }
                return;
            }
        }
    }
}

giovedì 19 ottobre 2017

Bash ftp script

uno script bash per inviare dati in FTP
un paio di dettagli

  1. per usare le wildcard si devono i comandi mdel ed mput
  2. Per usare mput con la wildcard ci si deve prima spostare nella directory in cui sono contenuti i file mediante lcd perche' mput non permette di inserire il path completo ma solo il nome file
  3. ftp -ni indica una sessione non interattiva e in modalita' autologin
  4. quote serve ad inviare il contenuto della variabile al server remoto
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#!/bin/sh
HOST="ftp.xxxxxxxxx.it"
USER="xxxxxxxx@aruba.it"
PASSWD="xxxxx"

ftp -ni $HOST<<END_SCRIPT
quote USER $USER
quote PASS $PASSWD
cd xxxxxx/yyyy/zzzzz/
mdel *
lcd /home/luca/
binary
mput *.ics
quit
END_SCRIPT
exit 0


SSH e disconnessione sessione

Succede piuttosto spesso di dover utilizzare una connessione remota in SSH e lanciare dei comandi (tipicamente delle query). Tipicamente quando si chiude una sessione ssh si uccidono anche tutti i processi che si erano aperti nella sezione. Per risolvere questo problema viene in aiuto il comando nohup

ssh luca@ip.ip.ip.ip "nohup /home/luca/comando> /dev/null 2>&1 &"

con la sintassi sopra riportata si lancia comando sia SSH senza che il suo processo venga chiuso al termine della sessione

FTP Client su Midnight Commander

A volte puo' essere utile avere un client FTP che funzioni su una shell testuale, in particolare quando si usa una connessione SSH. Una soluzione molto comoda e' quella di utlizzare Midnight Commander

Per prima cosa si deve creare e popolare il file netrc

touch ~/.netrc
chmod 600 ~/.netrc
nano ~/.netrc

A questo punto si inseriscono le configurazioni di connessione al server FTP con la sintassi

machine ftp.test.it login luca password test

a questo punto si apre Midnight Commander, Left (o Right) -> FTP Link e si digita l'indirizzo del server FTP. In questo modo in uno dei due pannelli viene mostrato il contenuto della directory FTP